Professor of Psychiatry
- Phone: 314-362-6535
- Email: email@example.com
Additional Titles & Roles
- Scholar, Institute for Public Health
Education & Training
- MPE: Washington University, St. Louis, MO, 2003
- PhD: Washington University, St. Louis, MO, 2000
- MS: Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA, 1991
- BS: Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY, 1989
- Walter G. Klopfer Award for distinguished contribution to the literature in personality assessment,
My research focuses on policy and other environmental influences on substance use disorders, alcohol use and smoking. This usually involves work with major epidemiological and administrative data sources.
(1.) The role of smoking in suicide risk. While is is traditionally believed that smoking is a correlate, but not a contributing cause for suicide and mental illness, evidence is mounting that smoking may contribute to worsening mental health and therefore to suicide risk. We are using tobacco control policy change as a natural experiment to help disentangle this relationship.
(2.) Cannabis use and suicidal behaviors. Many investigators believe that cannabis can contribute to poor mental health and possibly suicide risk among vulnerable individuals, but the magnitude of any such effect is debated. We are examining whether medical or recreational legalization of cannabis has led to increases in clinically significant suicide attempts and related mental health outcomes. We are also exploring other consequences–both negative and positive–of cannabis policy liberalization.
(3.) Trends in adolescent health risk behaviors: Downward trends in juvenile delinquency, use of most drugs, binge drinking and other behaviors have been noted by numerous investigators, but no systematic research has asked if these trends are related. We hypothesize that there has been a marked decline in “Externalizing” — a hypothesized trait correlated with propensity for adolescents to engage in multiple risk behaviors. A pending grant proposal will test this hypothesis and begin to explore possible causes for this trend.
(4.) Pharmacoepidemiology of Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT) for adolescent and young adult opioid use disorders. Under-utilization of evidence-based treatment for opioid use disorders is a serious concern in Medicine and Public Health. The problem is particularly serious for adolescents and young adults. Our goal is to quantify this treatment disparity and to use administrative data to examine whether the apparent effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of MAT is similar in adolescents and young adults compared to older adults.
- Grucza RA, Vuolo M, Krauss MJ, Plunk AD, Agrawal A, Chaloupka FJ, Bierut LJ, (2018). Cannabis decriminalization: A study of recent policy change in five U.S. states. Int. J. Drug Policy. 59: 67-75.
Read publication »Cannabis decriminalization: A study of recent policy change in five U.S. states.
- Grucza RA, Krueger RF, Agrawal A, Plunk AD, Krauss MJ, Bongu J, Cavazos-Rehg PA, Bierut LJ, (2018). Declines in prevalence of adolescent substance use disorders and delinquent behaviors in the USA: a unitary trend? Psychol Med. 48(9): 1494-1503.
Read publication »Declines in prevalence of adolescent substance use disorders and delinquent behaviors in the USA: a unitary trend?
- Grucza RA, Sher KJ, Kerr WC, Krauss MJ, Lui CK, McDowell YE, Hartz S, Virdi G, Bierut LJ, (2018). Trends in Adult Alcohol Use and Binge Drinking in the Early 21st-Century United States: A Meta-Analysis of 6 National Survey Series. Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res.. 42(10): 1939-1950.
Read publication »Trends in Adult Alcohol Use and Binge Drinking in the Early 21st-Century United States: A Meta-Analysis of 6 National Survey Series.
- Grucza RA, Hur M, Agrawal A, Krauss MJ, Plunk AD, Cavazos-Rehg PA, Chaloupka FJ, Bierut LJ, (2015). A reexamination of medical marijuana policies in relation to suicide risk. Drug Alcohol Depend. 152: 68-72.
Read publication »A reexamination of medical marijuana policies in relation to suicide risk.
- Grucza RA, Agrawal A, Krauss MJ, Bongu J, Plunk AD, Cavazos-Rehg PA, Bierut LJ, (2016). Declining Prevalence of Marijuana Use Disorders Among Adolescents in the United States, 2002 to 2013. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 55(6): 487-494.e6.
Read publication »Declining Prevalence of Marijuana Use Disorders Among Adolescents in the United States, 2002 to 2013.
- Grucza RA, Plunk AD, Hipp PR, Cavazos-Rehg P, Krauss MJ, Brownson RC, Bierut LJ, (2013). Long-term effects of laws governing youth access to tobacco. Am J Public Health. 103(8): 1493-9.
Read publication »Long-term effects of laws governing youth access to tobacco.
Funded Research Projects
NIAAA (PI) Using Temporal Variation in Risk Behavior to Understand Trends in Adolescent Alcohol Misuse/
NIDA (PI): Age-Related Disparities in Medication Assisted Treatment for Opioid Use Disorders
NIDA (PI): Smoking, Suicide, and Mental Health: Using Policy Change to Probe Causality.
NIDA (MPI): Cannabis, Depression and Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors.
NIDA (Co-I) Adolescent Marijuana Use and Marijuana Possession Arrests: Have Changes in Marijuana Policy Affected Disparities Between Blacks and Whites?