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Richard Grucza, PhD, MPE

Current Position
Associate Professor of Psychiatry

University Roles
Scholar, Institute for Public Helath

Education and Training
B.S. Rochester Institute of Technology, 1989
M.S. Pennsylvania State University, 1991
Ph. D. Washington University, 2000
Master in Psychiatric Epidemiology, Washington University, 2003

Major Awards
Walter G. Klopfer Award for distinguished contribution to the literature in personality assessment


Areas of Research Interests
Our research team is interested in the roles of genes and environment in alcohol and drug dependence. Much of our work is focused on alcoholism and heavy drinking in the general population. Major areas of current interest are (1) The role of alcohol and tobacco policy in influencing alcohol and other drug use. (2) The epidemiology and health consequences of heavy drinking within and outside of the context of alcohol dependence. (3) Molecular genetic underpinnings of alcoholism in the African American population.


Key Publications
Grucza RA, Hipp PR, Norberg KE, Rundell L, Evanoff A, Cavazos-Rehg P, Bierut LJ (2012 Feb). The legacy of minimum legal drinking age law changes: long-term effects on suicide and homicide deaths among women. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 36(2): 377-84.  Full Article ->

Grucza RA, Krueger RF, Racette SB, Norberg KE, Hipp PR, Bierut LJ (2010 Dec). The emerging link between alcoholism risk and obesity in the United States. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 67(12): 1301-8.

Norberg KE, Bierut LJ, Grucza RA (2009 Dec). Long-term effects of minimum drinking age laws on past-year alcohol and drug use disorders. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 33(12): 2180-90.  Full Article ->

Grucza RA, Johnson EO, Krueger RF, Breslau N, Saccone NL, Chen LS, Derringer J, Agrawal A, Lynskey M, Bierut LJ (2010 Jul). Incorporating age at onset of smoking into genetic models for nicotine dependence: evidence for interaction with multiple genes. Addict Biol. 15(3): 346-57.  Full Article ->

Grucza RA, Wang JC, Stitzel JA, Hinrichs AL, Saccone SF, Saccone NL, Bucholz KK, Cloninger CR, Neuman RJ, Budde JP, Fox L, Bertelsen S, Kramer J, Hesselbrock V, Tischfield J, Nurnberger JI Jr, Almasy L, Porjesz B, Kuperman S, Schuckit MA, Edenberg HJ, Rice JP, Goate AM, Bierut LJ (2008 Dec 1). A risk allele for nicotine dependence in CHRNA5 is a protective allele for cocaine dependence. Biol Psychiatry. 64(11): 922-9.  Full Article ->

Grucza RA, Norberg KE, Bierut LJ (2009 Jul). Binge drinking among youths and young adults in the United States: 1979-2006. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 48(7): 692-702.  Full Article ->


Funded Research Projects
NIAAA(PI):Alcohol Dependence in African-Americans: A Case-Control Genetic Study

NIDA (PI): Policy as Environment: Long-term Effects of Policies Restricting Youth Substance Youth.

American Foundation for Suicide Prevention (PI) : Changes in State Tobacco Policies as Natural Experiments.

NCI(Key Personnel):The Collaborative Genetic Study of Nicotine Dependence

NIDA(PI):Early Substance Use and Addiction: Genes, Environment, and Epidemiology