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Michael S. Gaffrey, Ph.D.

Current Position
Assistant Professor of Psychiatry

Education and Training
2009 PHD: University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
2004 MA: San Diego State University, San Diego, California
1997 BA: University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin

Major Awards
2014-2016 Fellow, ZERO-TO-THREE Fellowship Program
2012-2016 NIMH Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Development Award
2012-2014 NIMH Career Development Institute for Psychiatric Research Awardee
2010-2012 Klingenstein Third Generation Foundation Fellow in Childhood Depression

Areas of Clinical Interest
Infant and early childhood mental health
Mindful parenting during the infant/toddler period
Pediatric neuropsychology


Areas of Research Interests
Developmental affective neuroscience

Impact of stress and mood on developing brain function and behavior

Translational research bridging neuroscience, genetics, and prevention/intervention efforts in early childhood mood disorders

Attention Bias Modification as a treatment for early childhood mood difficulties

Parental emotional experience, expression, and regulation

Intervention efforts targeting parent stress and its disruptive influence on parent-infant relationships

Neurobiological models of emotion regulation within the context of parenting and parenting-at-risk


Key Publications
Gaffrey MS, Luby JL, Belden AC, Hirshberg JS, Volsch J, Barch DM (2011 Mar). Association between depression severity and amygdala reactivity during sad face viewing in depressed preschoolers: an fMRI study. J Affect Disord. 129(1-3): 364-70.  Full Article ->

Gaffrey, M.S., Luby, J.L., RepovÅ¡, G., Belden, A.C., Botteron, K.N., Luking, K.R., & Barch, D.M. (2010). Subgenual cingulate connectivity in children with a history of preschool-depression. NeuroReport, 21(18), 1182-1188.  Full Article ->

Gaffrey MS, Belden AC, Luby JL (2011 Oct). The 2-week duration criterion and severity and course of early childhood depression: implications for nosology. J Affect Disord. 133(3): 537-45.  Full Article ->

Gaffrey, M.S., Luby, J.L., Botteron, K., RepovÅ¡, G., & Barch, D.M. (2012 Apr). Default Mode Network connectivity in children with a history of preschool-depression. J Child Psychol and Psychiatry.   Full Article ->

Gaffrey MS, Luby JL, Barch DM (2012 Jun 30). Towards the study of functional brain development in depression: An Interactive Specialization approach. Neurobiol Dis.   Full Article ->

Gaffrey MS, Barch DM, Singer J, Shenoy R, Luby JL (2013 Jul). Disrupted amygdala reactivity in depressed 4- to 6-year-old children. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 52(7): 737-46.  Full Article ->


Funded Research Projects
Klingenstein Third Generation Foundation Fellowship (PI): Neural circuitry of Preschool Onset Major Depressive Disorder

McDonnell Center for Systems Neuroscience (PI): Functional brain activity and organization in preschool age children with a history of maternal depression

McDonnell Center for Systems Neuroscience (Co-I): Baby on the Brain: Neurobiological mechanisms of caregiving associated with postpartum depression

NIMH K23 (PI): Functional brain network development in early childhood depression